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高三英语周周练及答案

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2018 届盘湾中学高三英语周练(12.9) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最 佳选项。

21.Every independent country has a flag that gives it _____ unique identity,_____ the values, beliefs and cultures of the country. A a; represents representing B the; representing C an; representing D a; 22.He is such a/ an ______ person that he is always dreaming big and try to accomplish what is impossible. A ambiguous B ambitious C conscious D cautious 23.______ in the forest were a group of high school students who went camping last Sunday. A Lost B Being lost C Having lost D To be lost 24.His attention _____ on his reading, he didn’t hear me _____ the room. A having focused; enter B focused; enter C focusing; was entering D was focused;entered 25.Teachers have to update their knowledge in order to maintain their professional________. A independence B competence C intelligence D existence 26.With so many example______ the project, the government had to reconsider the plan. A objecting B opposing C objected D opposed 27.It wasn’t until almost mid-night ____ all his work was finished _____ he returned home. A that; when B when; that C when; when D that; that 28.---When choosing furniture, you focus on function while I think more about the design. ---That’s ______ we differ. A how B what C which D where 1

29.We have progressed a lot in our studies,______ working hard as well as learning from others. A in spite of B in case of C by means of D in time of 30.Some questions may come to you, during the interview, but you can and should make good preparations______. A at random B on occasion C in advance D by design 31.The whole family______ him to go to a key university and he will never let them down. A wait on B count on C concentrate on D catch on 32.I’m always honest and straightforward, no matter ______ I’m speaking to. A who it is that B it is who that C who is it that D it is that who 33.Between the two parts of the concert is an interval,_____ the audience can buy some ice-cream. A where B when C that D which 34._____ once every two years, whether it is a car, a bus or a lorry, is the rule that all drivers must obey in our country. A Having been examined B Examined C Examining D Being examined 35.He expects _____ a chance to further his English abroad. A there being B there to be C there to have D there having 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。

I was born in the remote mountains. If you ever saw where we lived, you might 36 why we didn’t just get up and leave. Daddy moved us there for two reasons — to be close to relatives, and to work the coal mines. 37 we didn’t have much, he provided everything we needed to live. One day, Daddy went offto 38 for our country. He was killed in battle. So Mama had to raiseus 39 . There wasn’t enough food to make it 40 the day, but we had many happy days. I guess if you don’t know what you’re 41 , then what you got is good enough. The place we grew up was very 42 . There was only one long winding dirt 2

road leading into the town, and we’d take 43 trips with our neighbors to get supplies. To me, it was a(n) 44 , for it was my only contact with the outside world. One Christmasin town, I saw a funny 45 in the store window and asked Mama, “Who’s that?” “Nothing,” she said. Not a good answer. Every time we’d pass that store, I’d ask Mama, but she didn’t 46 . One Christmas, I 47 wore her down. The mining town filled with pictures of that mysterious old man, I could barely contain my 48 . So the answer was: “He’s Santa Claus, but just 49 .” One day, I was alone at home; Jimmy ran over and yelled, “Santa Claus is on the train!” I had to give him 50 , if he wanted revenge (复仇) for that mud-throwing incident.But Jimmy went running down the hillside 51 . Year after year, as the train approached, the air was filled with what would become the 52 shout: “Santa’s coming!” As I grew older, I realized that Santa was a real person, because I have 53 Santa Claus. When I looked old enough to play the 54 , I boarded “The Santa Claus Special” with the uniform and returned to my mountain home. There 55 a Santa Claus after all. 36. A. know B. witness C. wonder D. doubt 37. A. Even though B. Now that C. If only D. As long as 38. A. struggle B. sacrifice C. search D. fight 39. A. ahead B. alone C. fully D. daily 40. A. through B. over C. beyond D. across 41. A. concerning B. providing C. missing D. experiencing 42. A. quiet B. wild C. dark D. remote 43. A. involved B. combined C. equipped D. related 44. A. kindness B. journey C. treasure D. adventure 45. A. smile B. play C. sight D. host 46. A. notice B. respond C. insist D. bother 47. A. possibly B. eventually C. thankfully D. delightedly 48. A. curiosity B. thought C. character D. anxiety 49. A. unloving B. imaginary C. ordinary D. strange-looking 50. A. benefit B. compromise C. credit D. hope 51. A. indeed B. again C. instead D. away 52. A. individual B. local C. punctual D. traditional 3

53. A. believed B. recognized C. made D. followed 54. A. part B. trick C. game D. time 55. A. comes B. exists C. stays D. survives 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。

A CARTER’S GROVE Extraordinary 400-acre VA plantation, (approximately 1750-1755), over a mile frontage on the James River, noted for its exquisite (精致的) brickwork & finely crafted, paneled inside parts. This National Historic Landmark presents a rare opportunity to acquire an American treasure. Price available upon request. WINDSOR HILL Exceptional 216-acre estate (庄园) offering one of the most splendid views of the surrounding countryside & Blue Ridge Mtns in Albemarle Co., just two minutes from UVA & The Rotunda. Approximately 1950 brick manor home, farm manager’s residence, tenant (客房) house & other outbuildings. Price available upon request. BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES Beautifully constructed & designed 8,800 sq. ft., English Country-style home, approximately 2007, overlooking a 6-acre pond to the Blue Ridge Mtns beyond. 42 gently rolling acres, complete privacy, breathtaking setting, all within minutes from Charlottesville! $5,350,000. OLD WOODVILLE Being offered for sale for the first time in over 75 years, this magnificent 176-acre historic estate is nestled among other famous farms & estates in the historic Green Mountain District of southern Albemarle County. Approximately 1976 main residence, pool, guest cottage, barns, equipment storage & other outbuildings. Rich farmland, springs, 5-acre lake. $3,985,000. 56. What is the common aspect between WINDSOR HILL & BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES? A. They are near the city center. B. They both have large ponds. C. They can provide people with countryside views. D. They have beautifully constructed outbuildings. 4

57. Which of the following estates hasa national-level historical significance? A. CARTER’S GROVE. B. WINDSOR HILL. C. BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES. D. OLD WOODVILLE. B As an activist I havebeen doing what Nelson Mandela tells me since I was a teenager. Over the years we became friends. I, like everyone else, admired him for hisoutstandingleadership. His cabinet appointments of Trevor Manuel and Kadar Asmal were brave. His partnership with Sowetan neighbor Desmond Tutu brought me untold joy. This double acttook the success of the anti-apartheid (反种族隔离) fight in South Africa and widened the scope to include the battle against AIDS and the broader reach for dignity by the poorest peoples on the planet. Mandela never doubted that his continent would gain a victory in the 21st century: “We are not just the peoples with the oldest history,” he told me. “We have the brightest future.” He knew Africa was rich with oil, gas, minerals, land and, above all, people. But he also knew that because of their “colonial past, Africans still don’t quite believe these precious things belong to them.” He could charm the birds off the trees—and cash right out of wallets. He told me once how Margaret Thatcher had personally donated £ 20,000 to his foundation. “How did you do that?” I asked. The Iron Lady often kept a tight grip on her purse. “I asked,” he said with a laugh. “You’ll never get what you want if you don’t ask.” Then hesaid her donation had disgusted some of his people. “Didn’t she try to hold back our movement?” they complained. Laughter, not tears, was Mandela’s preferred way—except on one occasion when I saw him almost choke up. It was on Robben Island, in the courtyard outside the cell in which he had spent 18 of his 27 years in prison. He was explaining why he’d decided to use his cellmate’s number, 46664, to bring a response to the AIDSclaiming so many African lives. One of his cellmates told me thathis tear-duct (泪腺) had left him unable to cry. Despite this man’svision, he could not produce tears in a moment of self-doubt or grief.He had surgery in 1994 to put this right. Now, he could cry.Today, we can. 58. The author owes Mandela’s achievements to _____. A. his wise leadership B. the anti-apartheidfight C. his brave appointments D. his complete trust in his people 59. Why did Africans doubt about their ownership of the precious things mentioned 5

in Paragraph 2? A. Those things were in fact in the control of colonial powers. B. They were influenced by the painful history. C. They had grown accustomed to the situation at that time. D. The mean donation just showed unfriendliness. 60. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that the author _____. A. feels sad about Mandela’s death B. has forgiven Mandela for his imperfection C. expresses thanks to Mandela’s cellmate for his number D. reveals that Mandela was an ordinary person sometimes C Oxytocinisknown as the “hug hormone (荷尔蒙)”. People experience oxytocin in many social relationships, including bonding with children or partners. What is surprising is that people would also experience a change in this hormone when bonding with a completely different species. Miho Nagasawa of Azabu University in Japan and colleagues conducted a study with 55 dogs and their owners. People whose dogs gazed at them for two minutes or longershowed a higher increase in oxytocin than people whose dogs gazed at them for less time. People with dogs with a long gaze also reported being happier with their dogs than those people whose dog’s gaze was only around one minute long. In another study by Linda Handlin and colleagues from the University of Skö vde in Sweden, owners who kissed their dogs the most frequently had higher levels of oxytocin than other owners.Handlin found that along with kissing, there were two other factors that predicted the higher levels of oxytocin. The first was that the owners were more likely to consider their relationship with their dogsto be pleasurable. The second was a lower frequency in giving treats, which shows that the path to true love is not necessarily through a dog’s stomach. In a separate study by Johannes Odendaal and colleagues from the University of Pretoria in South Africa, owners were brought into a room that was empty except for two tables and chairs. The owners sat on a rug on the floor with their dogs and a nurse drew their blood. For the next 30 minutes, each owner’s attention was completely focused on his or her dog. They talked softly to their dogs, touched them gently and scratched their bodies and behind their ears. The participants’ blood was drawn again after 30 minutes. The researchers found that participants’ blood pressure decreased, and they experienced an increase in not only oxytocin, but also a whole other range of 6

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