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高中英语109个常用句

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英文 109 个常用句型 1. 直接问句: 疑问词 + 助 V + S ...? ß问句动词要移到主词前间接问句: S + V + 疑问词 + S + (助 V) + V... ß 「间接问句」不是问句 * 他什么时候要走? 我不知道他什么时候要走。

When will he go? I don’t know when he will go. 2. 直接问句: 助 V + S + ...? ß也就是要用 Yes 或 No 回答的问句 间接问句:S + V + whether + S + (助 V) + V... if *你能不能来呢? 你能不能来没关系。

Can you come (or not)? It makes no difference whether you can come (or not). 3. Do + S + V + [ 疑问字 + S + V ] ? ß询问重点为”Do + S + V” 疑问字+ do + S + V + [ 疑问字 + S + V] ? ß询问重点为” 疑问字” * A: Did you tell me who she was? B: Yes, I did. A: 你有没有告诉过我她是谁? B: 有啊,我告诉过你了。

* A: Who did you tell me she was? B: She is my sister. A: 你告诉过我她是谁来着? B:她是我妹妹。

4. 你认为...如何? ...如何? ...好不好? (建议去做某事) How about + O ? What about + O ? What do you say to + O ? O 要用名词或 Ving. What do you think of + O ? Let’s + V , shall we? * 去散散步好不好? How about (taking) a walk? = What about (taking) a walk? = What do you say to (taking) a walk? = What do you think of (taking) a walk? = Let’s take a walk , shall we? 5. 一...就...;如果...就... [ 命令句 ] and [ S + V]. = If [ S + V ] , [ S + V]. * 一动你就没命。

Stir and you will be a dead man. = If you stir , you will be a dead man. 6. ...否则...; 如果不...就... [ 命令句 ] or [ S + V]. = If [ S ... not + V ] , [ S + V]. = Unless [ S + V ] , [ S + V]. * 穿上外衣,否则你会着凉的。

Put on a coat, or you’ll take cold. = If you don’t put on a coat, you’ll catch cold. = Unless you put on a coat, you’ll get a cold. 7. 多么...啊! (感叹句) How + 形 + ( a + n.) 副 ( S + V ). ß感叹句不是问句 What + (a) + (形) + n. * 多么美的夜色啊! * 这些男孩好丑啊! How beautiful a night (it is)! How ugly the boys are! = What a beautiful night (this is)! = What ugly boys (they are)! 8. 与现在事实相反的假设 If S + were ... , S + would, could +V 过去式 V might, should

图1

* 要是我现在有翅膀,我要飞到美国。

If I had wings, I would fly to you. 9. 与过去事实相反的假设 If S + had + pp ... , S + would, could + have + pp. might, should * 要是那时这鞋子我合穿的话,我就买了。

If these shoes had fitted me, I would have bought them. 10. 与未来事实相反的假设 If S + were to + V ... , S + would, could + V. might, should * 即使明天太阳从西边升上来,我也不会做这样的事。

Even if the sun were to rise in the west tomorrow, I would not do such a thing. 11. 未来表「万一」 If S + should + V ... , S + would, should ... + V. will, shall ... *万一这次失败了,我会再试一次。

If I should fail this time, I will(would) try again. 12. 不确定的未来 If S + V 现在式 ... , S + shall, will +V can , may *如果明天天气好,我们就去野餐。

If it is fine tomorrow, we will go on a picnic. 13. 不能实现的愿望 + S + 过去式 V ß现在不可能的希望 I wish + S + had + pp ß 过 去 已 不 可 能 的 希 望 Would that should If only + S + would + V ß 未来不可能的希望 could * 我要是一只鸟该多好。

I wish I were a bird. 我真希望你那时告诉我就好了。

If only you had told me the truth. 但愿明天我能跟你一起去就好了。

Would that I could go with you tomorrow. * I hope you can help me. 我希望你能帮我。

ç可能实现 I wish you could help me. 要是你能帮我就好了。

ç不可能实现 14. 「祝福.....」的用法 I wish + [ S + may + V ] May + S + V I wish + 人 + 事物 (I wish) + 事物 + to + 人 * 祝你成功。

I wish you may succeed. = May you succeed. = I wish you success. = (I wish) success to you. 15. 假设法 if 的省略 were Were If S + had + ... = Had + S + ... should Should * 我们不会失败的,要是失败,后果将如何呢? Were we to fail, what would happen? (= If we were to fail, ...) 要不是我早知道她的名字,当时我就糗了。

Had I not known her name, I would have been embarrassed. (If I had not known ...)

图2

16. 设法 * 要不是有太阳,我们根本就无法生存。

But for the sun, we couldn’t live at all. = Without the sun, we couldn’t live at all. = If it were not for the sun, we couldn’t live at all. = Were it not for the sun, we couldn’t live at all. 17. 该是...的时候了。

It is (high) time + [ S + 过去式 V ] was should + V * 该是我们上床睡觉的时候了。

ß事实上还没睡 It is (high) time we went to bed. = It is time we should go to bed. = It is time for us to go to bed. 18. ...好像是...(其实不是) S + V as if S + V 假设法 as though * 你看起来好像死了。

You look as if you were dead. 19. n. 命令、建议、要求、坚持 的 adj. + that [ S + (should) + 原形 V] v. * 她父亲坚持她要跟那人结婚。

Her father insisted that she (should) marry that man. *此类 V.如:suggest, order, demand, command, insist, propose, ... *其实只要有「命令」 、 「建议」 、 「要求」 、 「坚持」意味的字,不论是名词、动词、形容词, 其所接子句中的动词都该用原形、或 ”should + 原形 V” 。

It is necessary that he take the exam. 他必须参加考试不可。

20. cannot „.. too„ 越„越好;再„也不为过 * 交友要越小心越好。

We cannot be too careful in choosing friends. = You can never be over careful in choosing friends. = One can hardly be careful enough in choosing friends. 21. all all both „„ not „ = not both „„ 不 都„(部分否定) every every * 人不都诚实。

比较:* 人都不诚实。

All men are not honest. No man is honest. = Not all men are honest. = All men are dishonest. 22. that „ .not + V 否定字 + „ but „ ..+ V 没有„不„ without + O. * 没有人不爱自己的孩子。

There is no one but loves his own child. = There is no one that does not love his own child. = There is no one without loving his own child. = Everyone loves his own child. 万一下雨,我们就不去了。

Should it rain, we would not go. (If it should rain, ...) 要不是...,... But for + O Without + O , S + V 假设法. If S + not + V 假

图3

23. to + V not + Ving 不 (不定词、分词、动名词的否定都是在前面 加 not) pp. * 他试着不再想她。

* 没办法帮他忙,我就离开了。

He tr not to think of her. Not being able to help him, I just left. 24. No + n. 禁止„;反对„;不准„ Ving * 非公莫入。

*禁止停车。

No admittance except on business. No parking. 25. There is no + Ving 不可能„;没有人能„ = It is impossible to + V * 简直不知道会发生什么事。

There is no telling what may happen. = There is no way of telling what may happen. = It is impossible to tell what may happen. = No one can tell what may happen. 26. not only A but (also) B 不但 A 而且 B ß B 才是重点,所以动词与 B 一致 = B as well as A * 不但怪你,也怪你的朋友。

Not only you but also your friend is to blame. = Your friend as well as you is to blame. 27. not A but B 不是 A 而是 B = B not A * 我感兴趣的不是化学,而是物理。

What I am interested in is not chemistry, but physics. = What I am interested in is physics, not chemistry. 28. 人 + be above + Ving 耻于„;不屑„ n. * 她不屑发问。

She is above asking questions. 29. the last + n. 最不可能的„;再怎么说也不会的„ *他是最不可能出卖你的人。

(他再怎么说也不会出卖你) He will be the last person to betray you. 30. fail to + V 未能„ never fail to + V 一定„;务必„ = be unable to + V = V + without fail * 他未能实时到达。

*我一定会守信。

He failed to arrive in time. I never fail to keep my word. = He was unable to arrive in time. = I keep my word without fail. 31. 一点也不„„;绝不„ „ not „at all = „ in no way = „ by no means = „ not in the least = far from „= anything but „ * 那男孩一点也不用功。

The boy is not diligent at all. = The boy is far from diligent. 32. 很多„. Much + 不可数名词 many + 可数名词 not a little Not a few no little no few quite a little quite a few a great deal of a great number of

图4

* 他有很多钱,但我有很多书。

He has much money, but I have many books. = He has not a little money, but I have not a few books. = He has no little money, but I have no few books. = He has quite a little money, but I have quite a few books. = He has a great deal of money, but I have a great number of books. 33. It goes without saying that „.. 不用说都知道„. Needless to say, …… * 不用说都知道诚实是最上策。

It goes without saying that honesty is the best policy. = Needless to say, honesty is the best policy. 34. 否定字词放句首的倒装句。

应按问句形式,倒装助动词。

Never, No, Seldom, Little, Not, Nothing„ + 助 V + S + V „..be + S „. Hardly, Rarely, Scarcely, … By no means, Under no circumstances, … * 我将永远忘不了那一段美好的求学时代。

I shall never forget the beautiful school days. = Never shall I forget the beautiful school days. 他很少迟到。

我绝不会原谅他。

He is hardly late. I will forgive him by no means. = Hardly is he late. = By no means will I forgive him. 35. Only 词组放句首的倒装句 Only „.. + 助 V + S + V „.. be + S …. * 我们只有靠着努力工作才能成功。

We can succeed only by working hard. = Only by working hard can we succeed. 36. 地方副词放句首的倒装句 地方副词 + V + S(名词) ç V 需为不及物动词 S(代名词) + V * 乞丐在大门口等。

* 她坐在柜台后面。

The beggar waited at the gate. She sat behind the counter. = At the gate waited the beggar. = Behind the counter she sat. 36. 主词补词放句首的倒装句 主词补词 + V + S ç V 需为不及物动词(所以后面才有主词补语) * 我的生活很空虚。

My life is empty.= Empty is my life. 37. So(也) 的倒装句 So + 助 V+ S „也是。

So + S + 助 V „的确„。

Be Be =S+ 助 V, too = Yes, S + 助 V Be Be * 你年轻,我也是。

*A:听说你做得很好。

B:的确是。

You are young, and so am I. A: I hear you did a good job. B: So we did. = You are young, and I am, too. = A: I hear you did a good job. B: Yes, we did.

图5

* 否定「也不」倒装要用 neither。

如:You are not young, and I am not, either = You are not young, and neither am I. ß用 neither 后面不要再有 not 38. as(像), than(比) 的倒装句 „„ as 助V + S „„ than 助V +S be be = „„ as + S 助 V = „„ than + S 助 V Be be * 他买的衣服和他太太的一样多。

He has bought as many clothes as has his wife. = He has bought as many clothes as his wife (has). 我们的教务主任比校长能干。

Our director of studies is more capable than is our principal. = Our director of studies is more capable than our principal is. = Our director of studies is more capable than our principal. 39. such(如此的), so(如此地) 的倒装句 如此„以致于„„ S is such + that 子句 S is so adj. + that 子句 as to V as to V = Such is S + that 子句 = So adj. is S + that 子句 as to V as to V * 我的英文进步很大所以父母很高兴。

My progress in English was such that it pleased my parents. = My progress in English was such as to please my parents. = Such was my progress in English that it pleased my parents. = Such was my progress in English as to please my parents. = My progress in English was so great that it pleased my parents. = My progress in English was so great as to it please my parents. = So great was my progress in English that it pleased my parents. = So great was my progress in English as to please my parents. 40. “ It ” 做 「 虚 主 词 」 (for 人 ) to V It + V „ ..+ that 子 句 wh 子句 * 整天待在家对健康不好。

It is bad for health to keep indoors all day. = It is bad for health that one keeps indoors all day. 41. “It”做「虚受词」 (for 人) to V S + Vt + it + 受词补语 + V „..+ that 子句 wh 子句 * 我认为整天待在家对健康不好。

I think it bad for health to keep indoors all day. = I think it bad for health that one keeps indoors all day. = I think (that) it is bad for health to keep indoors all day. = I think (that) it is bad for health that one keeps indoors all day. 42. „据说„;„听说„ People(They) say that S +V

图6

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