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全日文 日本语复合动词の意味形成と特性-言语认知の立场から

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A Study of the Semantic Structure of Compound Verbs in Japanese. Sonoko Nakamura Japanese has compound verbs of two verbal constituents. (V1+V2) V1 tabe uri + V2 tebehajimeru nagekomu uriaruku okuritodokeru -- hajimeru -- aruku nage -- komu okuri -- todokeru The first constituent V1 is a non-finite (verb) form called ‘renyoukei’, and the second constituent V2 conjugates in the same way as an ordinary verb. These compound verbs can be categorized into ten types on the basis of the semantic structure and relationship between the two constituents. If a verb is used as V2 in compound verbs, it sometimes has idiomatic meanings which the verb does not have when it functions alone as an ordinary verb. We assume that the idiomatic meanings of V2 are the result of some semantic changes supported by the image schema – the expansion, development and shift of our image. In this thesis, we study the features of the ten types of compound verbs, the process of the semantic changes of V2 and the correlation of each type with accompanying semantic changes. compound verb, semantic structure, cognitive semantics, image schema

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