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高三英语一模试卷及答案

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松江区 2016 年第一学期期末质量监控试卷 高三英语 (满分 150 分完卷时间 120 分钟) 2016 第 I 卷(共 103 分) I. Listening Comprehension Section A(10 分) Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. A teacher. B. A nurse. C. A secretary. D. A saleswoman. 2. A. $64. B. $40. C. $32. D. $80. 3. A. It makes the woman homesick. B. It isn’t fun and exciting. C. It’s about the woman’s childhood. D. It won a great award. 4. A. She got a ticket for the man. B. She arrived an hour earlier than the man. C. She missed the movie. 5. A. He has a bad cough. C. He doesn’t feel very well. 6. A. Press clothes. B. Wash dishes. 7. A. The set. B. The suits. 8. A. An assistant. B. A teacher. 9. A. Go to the beach. C. Stay at home. 10. A. They will have breakfast together. C. The man will be late for work. D. She will treat them to some food and drinks. B. He has a headache. D. He has a toothache. C. Clean the house. D. Cook dinner. C. The actors. D. The plot. C. An insurance clerk. D. A lawyer. B. Go to the forest park. D. Climb the mountain. B. The man’s work time begins at 9:05. D. The woman doesn’t need to work. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. More than US$2 trillion. B. More than US$20 million. C. More than US$2 million. D. More than US$20 trillion. 12. A. Cooperation for strong action against climate change. B. The construction of an oil pipeline across the country. C. The creation of 100 million jobs for women. 高三英语 第 1 页 共 11 页

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D. The strengthening of American worldwide leadership. 13. A. Four. B. Three. C. Two. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Persuading citizens not to buy the latest products. B. Reusing some electronic parts. D. One. C. Ending e-waste in remote areas. D. Selling e-waste to China and other Southeast Asia countries. 15. A. To save money for the government. B. To produce more profits. C. To save resources. 16. A. The rapid update of phones. C. Customers wanting a discount. D. To protect the environment. B. Company marketing strategies. D. Consumer behavior. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Looking for a New Job  The woman’s situation     Having worked in the company for ___17___ years Not being given a (n) ___18___ yet Having an interview tomorrow Not being nervous as she has the ___19___ Showing that she is ___20___ and can get along well with others The man’s suggestions Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Why hasn’t the woman seen the man in the school library? What did the man do when he got sick? What is the woman’s conclusion about the man’s situation? What are the man’s symptoms? He ___21___ for a couple of days. He had ___22___ on a street corner. He ate ___23___, and it gave him a cold. He has ___24___ and a cough, and basically he feels tired. 高三英语 第 2 页 共 11 页

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II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A(16 分) Directions:After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) The hard lives of aging migrant workers have come to national attention lately. The media have reported that many migrant workers over the age of 50 say they want to save as much money as their body allows them (25) ______ (continue) earning. They have no pensions, which (26) ______ (enjoy) by urban workers, and many are still the chief earners of their families. They keep up their energy by (27) ______ (eat) more meat, and conceal their age by dying their hair. Commentator Cheng Zhenwei writes on rednet.cn that while the physical well-being of these migrant workers is worrisome, (28) ______ conditions of their families and their children are a bigger concern. Many of the migrant workers’ children are also poor, and have little means to support their parents. Worse still, (29) ______ they often don’t have are the stomach and will for hard work and also the lack of education or skills to find better-paying jobs. (30) ______ (face) withtheir own difficult economic situation, these migrant workers are short of hope and prospect of inherited poverty on the part of their children, (31) ______ is the worst thing for them, according to Cheng. (B) We all know that regular physical exercise is good for a girl’s body, mind, and spirit. Recently, the Women’s Sports Foundation (32) ______ (discover) that sports offer some extra benefits for girls (33) ______ ____________having fun and getting fit. Here are a few: Girls who play sports do better in school. It is believed (34) ______ athletics will take up all their study time. But research shows that girls who play sports do better in school and are (35) ______ (likely) to graduate than those who don’t. Exercise improves learning, memory, and concentration, which can give active girls an advantage when it comes to the classroom. Girls who play sports learn teamwork and goal-setting skills. It is by workingwith coaches and teammates to win games and meet goals (36) ______ they get great practice for success later in life. Being a team player can make it easier to work with others and solve problems, (37) ______ it is on the field or in the workplace. Sports have hidden health benefits. Girls who play sports are less likely to smoke and have a reduced chance of getting breast cancer later in life. Sure, they (38) ______ get these benefits from any type of exercise. But if they have trouble getting to the gym, there may be more incentive (激 励) toshow up and play if they know their coaches or teammates depend on them. Playing sports builds self-confidence. Girls involved in athletics feel better about (39) ______, both physically and socially. It helps to build confidence when they see their skills improving and their goals (40) ______ (become) reality. 高三英语 第 3 页 共 11 页

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Section B (10 分) Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. primarily F. intentions k. necessity B. delayed G. acquisition C. interact H. overwhelming D. equivalent I. permanently E. identif J. comparative Quite often, educators tell families of children who are learning English as a second language to speak only English, and not their native language, at home. Although these educators may have good ___41___, their advice to families is misguided, and it arises from misunderstandings about the process of language ___42___. Educators may fear that children hearing two languages will become ___43___ confused and thus their language development will be ___44___. Children are capable of learning more than one language, whether simultaneously (同时地) or sequentially (依 次地). In fact, most children outside of the United States are expected to become bilingual or even, in many cases, multilingual. Globally, knowing more than one language is viewed as an asset (资产) and even a ___45___ in many areas. It is also of concern that the misguided advice that students should speak only English is given ___46___ to poor families with limited educational opportunities, not to wealthier families who have many educational advantages. Since children from poor families often are ___47___ as at-risk for academic failure, teachers believe that advising families to speak English only is appropriate. Teachers consider learning two languages to be too ___48___ for children from poor families, believing that the children are already burdened by their home situations. If families do not know English or have limited English skills themselves, how can they communicate in English? Advising non-English-speaking families to speak only English is ___49___ to telling them not to communicate with or ___50___ with their children. Moreover, the underlying message is that the family’s native language is not important or valued. III. Reading Comprehension Section A (15 分) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. In the increasingly busier world where productivity is on the minds of many, instead of downloading the latest time management app, or forcing yourself to stay at work for hours on end, is there a(n) ___51___ to being productive? The first thing we should know is that willpower is a(n) ___52___ source that can be entirely used up. So instead of ___53___ yourself to simply try harder, a more methodical approach is suggested. The first step: Get started! It may seem ___54___ but studies have shown starting a project to 高三英语 第 4 页 共 11 页

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be the biggest barrier to productivity. Before starting, our brain visualizes the hardest parts to come, and instead tries to simulate real work by focusing on small mindless tasks. ___55___, there’s construct of the mind known as the Zeigernik Effect (蔡格尼克效应), which helps humans to finish a task that they’ve already started. The Zeigernik Effect shows that when we don’t finish a task, we experience ___56___ and intrusive thoughts about it. So get started. Now what about time management? Shockingly, when we look at most of the elite musicians in the world, we find that they aren’t ___57___ practicing more. Instead, they focus their energy on the hardest task. Those musicians have periods of intense work followed by breaks. Not relying on willpower, they rely on their ___58___ and disciplined scheduling. Studies have found that most elite violinists generally follow a 90 minute work rule with a 15 to 20 minute break afterwards every day. But how can you develop the discipline to follow this ___59___? One key point is giving yourself a deadline; write it down; mark it in your calendar. And you’ll be much more likely to complete your task. On top of this, create something called an accountability (问责制) chart to ___60___ your progress. In one column write the time span, and in the other the activities you accomplished during this time, ___61___ those on a diet who record their food intake. Writing down your progress allows you to ___62___ evaluate your work. As opposed to inaccurately assuming what you’ve done, further ___63___ your progress to the end helps to avoid small mindless work. And finally, stop multitasking. Well it may feel like you’re accomplishing more. But actually, studies show that multi-taskers are much less ___64___. Instead, try and make a list at night of what you want to accomplish tomorrow. With your action plan, you ___65___ the idea of trying to complete multiple activities at once. Your brain will find these less challenging. And it will make the starting process easier. With a clear goal and action plan in mind, your productivity levels can soar to new heights. 51. A. room 52. A. outstanding 53. A. convincing 54. A. difficult 55. A. Generally 56. A. division 57. A. necessarily 58. A. patience 59. A. feature 60. A. prove 61. A. similar to 62. A. rapidly 63. A. targeting 64. A. promising B. secret B. inevitable B. resisting B. complicated B. Luckily B. mission B. hardly B. habit B. intention B. influence B. related to B. desperately B. tricking B. productive C. attitude C. exhaustible C. preventing C. obvious C. Unfortunately C. interruption C. efficiently C. perseverance C. guidance C. document C. available to C. objectively C. timing C. practical D. origin D. essential D. discouraging D. visible D. Briefly D. discomfort D. purposefully D. principle D. routine D. determine D. owing to D. relatively D. tracking D. plentiful 高三英语 第 5 页 共 11 页

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65. A. stick to B. face up to C. decide on D. get rid of Section B (24 分) Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is Followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better. However, social changesbrought about by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes. An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives of their children who are attending college. Surveys on this topic suggest that parents today continue to be “very” or “somewhat” overly-protective even after their children move into college dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a generation ago. This is usually interpreted as a sign that Today’s parents are trying to manage their children’s lives past the point where this behavior is appropriate. However, greater parental involvement does not indicate that parents are failing to let go of their “adult” children. In the context of this discussion, it seems valuable to first find out the cause of change in the case of parents’ involvement with their grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children frequently, would this have been possible? Probablynot. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the impulse to do so wasn’t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents -today’s grandparents - would have called their children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not been a barrier. Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequent subject of communication between parents and their college children. The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to be sent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is a fact of college life, today and in the past. Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age of bettered communication. This has many implications well beyond the role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children who have left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all such changes come from the technology and not some imagined desire by parents to keep their children under their wings. 66. The surveys inform us of ____________. A. the conditions of college dormitories B. the sign of parent’s management in their own behaviors C. the development of communication technology D. the parents’ over-protection of their college children 67. Which of the following statement does the author most probably agree with? A. Technology explains greater parental involvement with their children. 高三英语 第 6 页 共 11 页

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