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高考英语阅读理解、完形填空九大技巧及强化训练(附答案)

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本 高考英语阅读理解、完形填空九大技巧及强化训练 1.先通读,后细读 阅读一篇文章,最好采用先通读、再细读的策略。

首先要快速浏览全文,这一点非常重要。

因为一篇文章是一 个整体,是围绕一个中心思想组织的。

如果我们了解了文章大体讲的是什么,有了整个篇章的结构模式,就有利于 我们理顺句子或段落间的关系,准确地把握文章的主旨,同时也有利于我们在解题过程中有重点地细读部分内容。

一篇文章无论长短,要做到一口气读下来。

对于生词,只要不妨碍我们理解主要内容,可暂时放下不管。

如果 我们读读停停,左顾右盼,往往会把文章完整的读破了,有碍于对文章整体的理解。

在掌握了文章的大体内容 后,我们再根据需要解答的问题逐句细读,认真分析词义及句子结构,从而更准确地把握文章的具体内容。

Passage A 阅读理解 An old friend from California called from the airport to tell me that he had arrived. I was not able to leave the office, but I had made plans for his arrival. After explaining (解释) where my new house was, I told him that I had left the key under the doormat (门垫). Since I knew it would be pretty late before I could get home, I suggested that he make himself at home and help himself to anything that was in the refrigerator(电冰箱).① Two hours later my friend phoned me from the house. At the moment, he said, he was listening to some of my records after having had a delicious meal. Now, he said, he was drinking a glass of orange juice. When I asked him if he had had any difficulty finding the house, he answered that the only problem was that he had not been able to find the key under the doormat, but luckily, the living room window by the apple tree had been left open and he had climbed in through the window. I listened to all this in great surprise.② There is no apple tree outside my window, but there is one by the living room window of my nextdoor neighbor's house! 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. An old friend of mine called ______. A. to tell me to meet him at the airport B. to tell me about his arrival C. to ask me to leave the office D. to ask me to make plans for his arrival 2. My friend climbed into the room because ______ . A. there was an apple tree outside B. the living room window was left open C. he had difficulty opening the door D. he hadn't found the key 1

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3. My friend telephoned me two hours later ______ . A. from my home B. at the airport C. in his office D. from my neighbor's house 难句注释 ① I suggested that he make himself at home and help himself to anything that was in the refrigerator. 我建议他不要客气,随意吃冰箱里的东西。

Total words:211 Reading time: ______ Reading speed: ______ ② I listened to all this in great surprise. 我很吃惊地听着这一切。

in surprise 意为“吃惊地”。

Passage B 阅读理解 If you know me well, you know I don't like birthday parties. At least, I don't like birthday parties given for me.① I enjoy them when theyre for other people, but when theyre for me, I just don't like them. I remember one birthday party some friends of mine had for me when I was a student at the university. Of course, I had told my best friend Henry that I didn't want a party and I made him promise he wouldn't do anything. He agreed. I should have known better than to believe him.② On the day of my birthday, we got home from school at about, oh, I don't know, three or half past three. We went inside and as usual I went into the bathroom and started to close the door when suddenly from behind the shower curtain (浴帘), a kind of strange female(女) voice started singing, “Happy birthday to you, happy birthday to you.” And then from all over the room, people joined in. There were about fifteen people hiding everywhere in the room. They had got my roommate's key and got in earlier. They had all planned to come out of the hiding place just at the same time while singing. I guess I really upset their plans by going in just to wash my hands.③ 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. Which of the following sentences is NOT true? A. I got home from school at 3 or 3:30 on the day of my birthday. B. I dislike birthday parties held for me. C. Henry agreed that he would not do anything on my birthday. 2

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D. I knew there were some of my friends hiding in my room. 2. I usually went into the ______ when I got home from school. A. livingroom B. bedroom C. bathroom D. diningroom 3. What did my friends plan to do? A. They planned to leave the room as soon as possible. B. They planned to sing as loudly as they could. C. They planned to eat in the bathroom. D. They had planned to come out of hiding places together. 难句注释 ① At least, I don't like birthday parties given for me. 至少我不喜欢为我开的生日晚会。

Total words:223 Reading time: ______ Reading speed: ______ ② I should have known better than to believe him. 我本应知道他要做什么而不该相信他的。

should have known 是虚拟语气,意为“本应知道而未知”。

③ I really upset their plans by going in... 我进去只是洗一下手,却真的打乱了他们的计划。

by doing sth. 通过做某事的方式。

Passage C 阅读理解 In choosing a friend, one should be very careful. A good friend can help you study. You can have fun together and make each other happy. Sometimes you will meet fairweather friends.① They will be with you as long as you have money or luck, but when you are down, they will run away. How do I know when I have found a good friend? I look for certain qualities (品质) of character, especially understanding, honesty and reliability (可靠). Above all else, I look for understanding in a friend. A good friend tries to understand how another person is feeling. He is not quick to judge. Instead, he tries to learn from others. He puts himself in the other person's place, and he tries to 3

图3

think of ways to be helpful. He is also a good listener. At the same time, however, a good friend is honest. He does not look for faults (过错) in others. He notices their good points. In short, a friend will try to understand me and accept me.② Another quality of a friend is reliability. I can always depend on (信赖) a good friend. If he tells me he will meet me somewhere at a certain time, I can be sure that he will be there. If I need a favor, he will do his best to help me. If I am in trouble, he will not run away from me. There is a fourth quality that makes a friend special. A special friend is someone with whom we can have fun.③ We should enjoy our lives, and we would enjoy our friendship. That is why I especially like friends who are fun to be with. A good friend likes the same things I like. We share experience (经验) and learn from each other. A good friend has a good sense of humor (幽默), too. He likes to laugh with me. That is how we share in the joy of being friends. And I know that he is looking for the same quality in me. When I meet someone who is reliable, honest, and understanding, I know I've found a friend! 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. Which of the following qualities the writer thinks is the most important in choosing a friend? A. understanding. B. honesty. C. reliability. D. a sense of humor. 2. If you have fairweather friends, ______ . A. they will give you all that they have when you need help B. you will be refused when you get into trouble C. you will become rich D. you can be sure that you get real friends 3. Good friends need to ______. A. always point out each other's mistakes B. be helped with money C. understand each other's feelings D. have money or luck 4. This passage mainly discuss ______ . A. the qualities of a friend B. where to choose friends C. how to get along with friends 4

图4

D. the importance of having a friend 难句注释 ①Sometimes you will meet fairweather friends. 有时你会遇到不能与你共患难的朋友。

②In short, a friend will try to understand me Total words:362 Reading time: ______ Reading speed: ______ and accept me. 总之,一个朋友会尽量理解我、接受我。

in short 意为“简而言之”。

③A special friend is someone with whom we can have fun. 一个特殊的朋友是和我们在一起共快乐的人。

with whom we can have fun 是定语从句,修饰 someone。

Passage D 完形填空 There are many kinds of friends. Some are always 1 you, but don't understand you. Some say only a few words to you, but understand you. Many people will step in your life, but only 2 friends leave footprints (脚印). I shall always recall (回忆) the autumn and the girl with the 3 . She will always bring back the friendship between us. I know she will always be my best friend. It was the golden season. I could see the yellow leaves 4 on the cool 5 . In such a season, I liked walking alone in the leaves, 6 to the sound of them. Autumn is a 7 season and life is uninteresting. The free days always get me 8 . But one day, the sound of a violin 9 into my ears like a stream (小溪) flowing in the mountains. I was so surprised that I jumped to see what it was. A young girl, standing in the wind, was 10 in playing her violin. I had 11 seen her before. The music was so nice that I listened quietly. Lost in the music,① I didn't know that I had been 12 there for so long but my existence (存在) did not seem to disturb her. Leaves were still falling. Every day she played the violin in the corner of the building 13 I went downstairs to watch her performance. I was the only listener. The autumn seemed no longer lonely and life became 14 . 15 we didn't know each other, I thought we were already good friends. I believe she also loved me. Autumn was nearly over. One day, when I was listening carefully, the sound suddenly 16 . To my astonishment (惊讶), the girl came over to me. “You must like violin.” she said. 5

图5

“Yes. And you play very well. Why did you stop?” I asked. Suddenly, a 17 expression appeared on her face and I could feel something unusual. “I came here to see my grandmother, but now I must leave. I once played very badly. It was your listening every day that 18 me.” she said. “In fact, it was your playing 19 gave me a meaningful autumn,②” I answered, “Let's be friends.” The girl smiled, and so did I. I never heard her play again in my life. I no longer went downstairs to listen like before. Only thick leaves were left behind. But I will always remember the fine figure (身影) of the girl. She is like a 20 —so short, so bright, like a shooting star giving off so much light③ that it makes the autumn beautiful. 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. A. with 2. A. good 3. A. sound 4. A. shaking 5. A. wind 6. A. watching 7. A. lively 8. A. up 9. A. flowed 10. A. lost 11. A. once 12. A. waiting 13. A. because 14. A. interesting 15. A. But 16. A. stopped 17. A. happy 18. A. surprised 19. A. that 20. A. song 难句注释 ①Lost in the music“沉浸在琴声中” be lost in sth. 意为“陷入……之中”。

6 B. for B. true B. song C. against C. new C. play D. to D. old D. violin D. floating B. hanging B. snow C. falling C. air D. rain C. seeing B. listening B. lovely D. hearing C. harvest D. lonely B. off C. down D. over D. ran D. interested D. usually D. hearing B. grew B. active B. never C. entered C. busy C. often B. stopping B. so C. standing D. but C. when B. moving C. encouraging D. Though D. changed D. surprised D. exciting B. However B. began B. sad C. Even C. gone C. strange B. excited C. it C. encouraged D. who D. sister D. interested B. which B. dream C. fire

图6

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