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Assessmentday-VerbalReasoningTest1-Solutions

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Verbal Test 1 Solutions Booklet Instructions This verbal reasoning test comprises 30 questions, and you will have 25 minutes in which to correctly answer as many as you can. You will be presented with a passage to read, and a statement about that passage. For each statement you must select one of the following answers: True: The statement follows logically from the information contained in the passage. False: The statement is logically false from the information contained in the passage. Cannot Say: It is not possible to determine whether the statement is true or false without further information. You will have to work quickly and accurately to perform well in this test. If you don’t know the answer to a question, leave it and come back to it if you have time. Try to find a time and place where you will not be interrupted during the test. When you are ready, begin the test. Assessment Day Practice Aptitude Tests

Assessmentday-VerbalReasoningTest1-Solutions

Checked shirts are now synonymous with the technology entrepreneur. Whilst nobody can be attributed with starting the craze, this criss-crossed personal statement has since been adopted by technology whiz-kids from Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg to Twitter co-founder Eva William. The open-necked checked shirt look is beginning to be emulated by American teenagers. The important question being asked by fashion retailers is whether this trend will grow beyond its currently niche audience to the mass market. Fashion trends are fickle and if retailers get it wrong they are quickly punished through falling revenue. That is why fashion outlet Dicies often attends social gatherings and exhibitions where they expect to find lots of young people; their thinking is that if they can observe fashion trends and be ahead of the curve they will get a larger slice of the retail pie. Q1 Twitter was founded by more than one person. True False Cannot say True - The second sentence says “Twitter co-founder Eva William ” so if Eva was a co-founder there must have been at least one other person named as a company founder. Q2 Mark Zuckerberg started the trend for wearing checked shirts. True False Cannot say False - The second sentence tells us that “whilst nobody can be attributed with starting the craze, this has now been adopted by technology whiz-kids from Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg”. So firstly the trend cannot be attributed to any one person, but also important is the fact that the passage tells us Mark Zuckerberg has “since” started wearing these shirts. Q3 Trends in fashion can be said to remain steady over time. True False Cannot say False - The first sentence of the second paragraph tells us that “Fashion trends are fickle ”. If something is fickle, it is not true to say that it is steady; in fact fickle should be associated with the opposite of stable. For personal use only. Unauthorised copying or distribution in printed, electronic, or any other form in whole or in part, is prohibited without prior written permission from AssessmentDay. Page 2 Document last updated 26-09-2012 AssessmentDay www.assessmentday.co.uk

Assessmentday-VerbalReasoningTest1-Solutions

In an effort to preserve fishing stocks, the European Union uses a quota system to regulate the amount of fish that can be taken out of the North Sea. This involves defining the tonnage of the various types of North Sea fish that each EU member country can take. As soon as the catch is landed - but not before – fishermen can be fined for landing more fish at their port than their quota permits. Each year fishermen dump thousands of tonnes of fish back into the sea either because they have reached their quota and don’t want to be fined or because the fish are too small to be caught legally. Some environmental groups feel that existing approaches are not working since these fish are already dead and throwing them back serves no real purpose. They believe that other steps need to be taken to conserve North Sea fishing stocks and avoid depletion. Q4 Fish stocks in the North Sea are nearly exhausted. True False Cannot say Cannot say - The passage tells us only that the EU are seeking to preserve existing stocks and environmentalists wish to avoid depletion. The passage does not tell us if fish stocks are near to depletion or indeed if they are plentiful, so we must answer Cannot Say. Q5 Some environmental groups think new fish conservation methods are required. True False Cannot say True - The passage states that environmental groups believe “existing approaches are not working” and “other steps need to be taken”. So if measures other than existing are called for, this must mean new methods are called for. Q6 Fishermen can be fined for catching too many fish. True False Cannot say False - The passage states that fishermen can be fined “as soon as the catch is landed -but not before-’” so they cannot be fined for catching too many fish. For personal use only. Unauthorised copying or distribution in printed, electronic, or any other form in whole or in part, is prohibited without prior written permission from AssessmentDay. Page 3 Document last updated 26-09-2012 AssessmentDay www.assessmentday.co.uk

Assessmentday-VerbalReasoningTest1-Solutions

Biofuels are now being used worldwide and supporters claim that they are a sustainable, renewable and cleaner alternative to traditional fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum, supplies of which are becoming depleted. Biofuels are increasingly used in the transportation sector. The main producers of biofuels are in Asia, Europe and America. They can be produced from any carbon source including landfill gasses and recycled vegetable oil but most of the biofuel produced around the world is derived from photosynthetic plants grown in Brazil. The two main types of plant used in production are those high in sugar, which are fermented to produce ethanol, and those high in oil, which have the oil extracted and heated to reduce viscosity before the oil is used. Advocates explain that burning biofuels releases the same amount of CO2 that the plants took out of the environment during their growth so there is no net increase in levels of atmospheric carbon. Q7 Biofuels can be used to power aircraft. True False Cannot say Cannot say - The passage tells us that “supporters claim that they are a alternative to traditional fossil fuels like coal and petroleum”. So this tells us what supporters claim, but not what is necessarily the case. The passage also tells us that “Biofuels are increasingly used in the transportation sector”. So this does not tell us either way if they are used specifically for air travel. Since the passage does not tell us either way if this statement is definitely true or definitely false, we must answer Cannot Say. Q8 Oil from some plants will flow more easily if it is heated. True False Cannot say True - The passage says that one type of plant used in the production of biofuels has its oil “extracted and heated to reduce viscosity”. Reducing viscosity means making a liquid less thick and more free-flowing. For personal use only. Unauthorised copying or distribution in printed, electronic, or any other form in whole or in part, is prohibited without prior written permission from AssessmentDay. Page 4 Document last updated 26-09-2012 AssessmentDay www.assessmentday.co.uk

Assessmentday-VerbalReasoningTest1-Solutions

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